General Overview of the Homeschooling Laws in West Virginia
In West Virginia, children must be enrolled in school (or be homeschooled) from the ages of 6 to 16.
There are two options when it comes to homeschooling in West Virginia, and we are going to give you information on both.
The first option is to get approval from the school board to homeschool your child. The second is to submit a notice of intent. Each has different regulations.
The first option is not used by the majority of families as you can be denied and do not have as much freedom as the second option. If you ask for approval, you have to have your curriculum and instruction approved by the local school board. You also have to instruct in a location approved by the school board. You must provide attendance, instruction, and progress information when requested, and use a method of assessment determined by the school board.
The first option has a lot of guidance from your local board.
Learn more about homeschooling laws in West Virginia in this short video below:
Let’s take a look at the second option.
Notification of Intent to Homeschool in West Virginia
If you are submitting a letter of intent, you should send it either to your local school board or the superintendent of education. Included in this letter of intent should be education credentials for the parents (you should have a high school diploma or equivalent), the name, address, and age of your child, an outline of your learning plan for the year, assurance that the child will receive instruction in reading, language, math, science, and social studies, and assurance that the child will participate in an annual assessment.
You should withdraw your child from school (if they are currently enrolled) when the notice of intent has been submitted.
This notice should then be filed annually for every year you are homeschooling your child.
Qualifications Required to Homeschool in West Virginia
In West Virginia, you need to have a high school diploma or equivalent to homeschool your child. If you do not, then you will need to find another way to teach your child, for example, a certified teacher or online courses.
Number of Days/Hours of Instruction Required for Homeschoolers in West Virginia
If you seek approval from your local board, then you need to provide instruction for at least 180 days per year. There are no laws governing how this should be split up through the year, but you can work with your local school to determine a good learning plan for your child.
There is no required teaching time for homeschooling in West Virginia if you file a notice of intent. You do not need to commit to a certain number of hours per day or days per year. It is a good idea to form a learning plan, but this is not required.
What Subjects Need to be Covered in Home Education (and for how long) in West Virginia?
To stay in line with most other states in the country, it is recommended that you touch on spelling, writing, English, language arts, geography, math, science, social studies, physical education, health education, and art. There are no laws stating how often these should be taught or at what grade level but it is recommended that you try to keep the lessons grade-specific.
What are the Recordkeeping Requirements for Homeschoolers in West Virginia?
No matter which way you enroll your child in homeschooling in the state of West Virginia, you need to keep records. The most important is the academic assessment. In grades 3, 5, 8, and 11, parents or guardians must submit the results of the academic assessment to the county superintendent. These results should be submitted by June 30 of the school year.
You should also keep track of your child’s learning with a portfolio. This will help you to see your child’s progress and prepare them for the standardized tests. Keep records of learning in whatever subjects you are tracking and keep this in a folder (either physical or on your computer) and arranged by year. The standardized tests should be included in this folder.
Samples of your child’s work can include workbooks, tests, writings, drawings, etc. When it comes to graduation, parents (along with the student) can determine whether or not the child will graduate. Equivalency tests can also be taken if the child wants to apply or certain colleges.
Is Part-time Enrollment Permitted in West Virginia?
Yes. Under West Virginia education law, your child can be partially enrolled in public school. This means that your child can take regular school classes as part of their homeschooling education and can split their time between home and school (as long as the school offers this).
Homeschoolers are also eligible to participate in extracurricular activities in public schools. Any homeschoolers who live with a disability are also eligible for services through their local public school (the same services which students with disabilities would receive if they were enrolled in public school).
Are Homeschoolers Permitted to Participate in Extracurricular Activities in West Virginia?
Yes, and it is encouraged. Homeschool children are permitted to participate in any other extracurricular activities, whether it be with a public school or another organization. You should submit any extracurricular activities as part of your notice of intent every year.
To receive more information about the homeschooling laws in the State of West Virginia, you may want to visit the Christian Home Educators of West Virginia website.