General overview of the homeschooling laws in Ohio
Defined in Ohio as a form of education that is primarily provided and administered by the parents or guardians of a child, the Ohio Homeschool Laws under division (a)(2) of section 3321.04 of the Revised Code states that the child should be of requisite school age and is not currently enrolled in any nonpublic schools.
Compulsory school attendance was defined by the Ohio Administrative Code as an obligation of every parent to send a child to a school that conforms to the prescribed minimum standards of the State Board of Education. Parents must send their children at the program’s first week of the term. The parents who decide to provide homeschool education for their child will be completely responsible for choosing the appropriate curriculum and in teaching these curriculum-based lessons. However, the state does not offer any financial assistance for families who opt for this.
Notification of Intent to homeschool in Ohio
The parents must notify the city school district’s superintendent about their intent to have their child schooled at home. In order for them to grant the said request, the parents must agree to (1) provide 900 hours of instructions per year, (2) get the superintendent notified every year, and (3) provide a proper assessment of the child’s work.
Qualifications required to homeschool in Ohio
The parents must be able to assure that whoever plays the role of the child’s homeschool teacher (it could be the parents or someone else who has the required skills and documents) must possess one of these qualifications:
- High school diploma
- Certificate of high school equivalence, along with standardized test scores
- Other relevant/equivalent credentials that the superintendent found appropriate
- In case none of these qualifications are met, the homeschool teacher must work under the direct supervision of any person holding a bachelor’s degree from a certified college or university until the child/student demonstrates reasonable skills and proficiency – or until the homeschool teacher is able to provide any of the given requirements.
Number of days/hours of instructions required for homeschoolers in Ohio
As mentioned earlier, the parents of the homeschool student must assure the authority that they can provide a total of 900 hours (minimum) of instructions each school year. The parents can set the schedule (hours and days) themselves, as long as they adhere to a quality lesson plan for their child.
While it is entirely at the parents’ discretion to choose the most effective time and days for studies, many parents simply follow the public school calendar for an easier setup.
What subjects need to be covered in Home Education (and for how long) in Ohio?
Homeschooling Program requires the parents/teachers to teach the following: Language, reading, writing; Geography, History of the United States and Ohio, the national, state and local government; Math, Science, Physical Education; Fine Arts including music and practical knowledge such as first aid, safety, and fire prevention.
Along with these should be a brief outline of the school year’s curriculum. The education provider must also prepare his textbooks and other teaching materials that correspond to the courses.
What are the recordkeeping requirements for homeschoolers in Ohio?
Parents must keep a clear record of the child’s attendance, text and workbooks information, samples of homework, results of exams or activities provided, portfolios and basically any document to prove your correspondence with the policies given by the superintendent and/or other responsible officials.
These serve as proof that the child is receiving proper education in compliance with the homeschool law.
Parents are advised to keep these records for at least a couple of years, particularly because the Home School Legal Defense Association recommends that you keep detailed documentation to serve as a furnish proof in case you have to face a legal investigation concerning your child’s homeschool program.
Is part-time enrollment permitted in Ohio?
Yes, it is – at the local school district’s discretion. Any options and policies concerning part-time enrollment are decided by the local public school district.
Learn more about Ohio homeschooling in this short video below:
Are homeschoolers permitted to participate in extracurricular activities in Ohio?
An extracurricular activity is defined as a program that is run by the school district which is not included in a graded study course. The legislation actually allows homeschool students to participate in extracurricular activities, so long as the family resides in the same school district.
Nevertheless, if the school doesn’t offer this particular setup, the student may request the superintendent to allow him to participate in another district’s program. Homeschool students must still meet the same requirements (financial and nonacademic) just like the rest of the students who participate in the said activity.