California Homeschool Laws
General overview of the homeschooling laws in California
Families are able to homeschool in California through specific exemptions within the Compulsory Education Law. Although no specific law grants parents the authority to homeschool their children, California’s Department of Education, as of the 23rd of April, 2015, has presented four valid means to pursue education at home. The parents can opt to:
- Legally start a private school at home where they must render an Affidavit for Private Schools;
- Join a private school satellite program (PSP) officially registered in California;
- Hire a qualified instructor (the parents may also be instructors);
- Enroll in an Independent Study Program (ISP) or a public school that provides homeschool services.
Notification of intent to homeschool in California
Many parents take advantage of school-based education to become their children’s primary educator. To begin the process, parents in California must render an affidavit or a notice of intent. The purpose of this is to make sure the homeschool functions as a private school. California law strictly demands that all records within this time must be kept.
Filing date mandated by Educational Code §33190 must be between the 1st and 15th of October and must be done annually. It must contain the names of facilitators, list of associates, and the address of the school.
Qualifications required to homeschool in California
There are no specific credentials required for homeschool facilitators. Like Kansas and New York, California only requires parents to be ‘capable of educating’. However, no definite standard is demanded and no official body of authority oversees whether parents or facilitators are indeed qualified to instruct their children. In summary, educational background is discarded and the parents are free to homeschool their children.
Number of days/hours of instruction required for homeschoolers in California
Although not strictly, the state of California requires homeschool education about three (3) hours of instruction a day for six (6) months or at least 21 hours a week. There is no exact schedule to be followed. One subject like Math or a combination of two subjects (reading and science) may be taught in a day. The required hours of instruction must be delivered within eight (8) in the morning and four (4) in the afternoon.
What subjects need to be covered in Home Education (and for how long) in California?
The California Education Code, Section 51210 encourages 1st to 6th graders to be instructed in:
- English – specifically reading and literature. Speaking and writing.
- Mathematics – includes theories, number problems, and solving situational challenges.
- Social Sciences – man’s interpersonal and intrapersonal relationships, man and his environment, and political sciences
- Sciences – biology and ecology
- Fine Arts – includes drawing, painting, music, and anything that involves creative thinking
- Health – the basics of individual, societal, and family health
- Physical Education – time spent for improving strength and endurance that in turn helps the mind
The California Education Code, Section 51210 encourages 1st to 6th graders to be instructed in:
- English – appreciation for literature, writing, and composing.
- Social Sciences – economics, psychology, sociology, etc..
- Foreign Language – Spanish, French, etc.
- Physical Education – for the improvement of the body and mind
- Science – interrelation of all other sciences.
- Mathematics – theories and applied operational math
- Visual and Performing Arts – dancing, etc.
- Career technical education – in preparation for college or a career choice
What are the record keeping requirements for homeschoolers in California?
California homeschool laws require records of all names affiliated with the school, the address of the school, the location and keeper of the school records, and the grades of the students, as well as the credentials of teachers. These records are checked each year. All homeschooling entities must comply with these requirements.
Is part-time enrollment permitted in California?
In the California Education Code, Section 48200, it is mentioned that children between 6 and 18 are required to attend full-time education. A student must not miss the minimum required hours and days recognized by the state otherwise the child must attend a full-time public school. There is, however, no specific indication in the law regarding part time enrollment in homeschool education, only required minimum hours and days within a year.
Are homeschoolers permitted to participate in extracurricular activities in California?
Homeschoolers may join clubs and/or extracurricular activities like bands, clubs and many more created by other homeschoolers. Public schools, however, are not necessarily required to allow homeschoolers to join their extracurricular activities. Through widespread homeschool communities, the prospect of being part in sports is a big possibility. Many homeschool networks come together to create many extracurricular choices.
Colorado Homeschool Laws
General overview of the homeschooling laws in Colorado
Title 22 of the CSR or Colorado Revised Statutes in its Article 33 which tackles the School Attendance Law of 1963 specifically Section 104.5 provides the homeschool law of Colorado. This law recognizes that homeschooling is a legitimate and effective alternative to attending an actual school for student learning and instruction. The general rule is that children between 6 years old (on August 1 of each year) and 16 years old are required to attend school. The exception to this general rule is being schooled at home given that the requirements provided by law are met. This law was enacted in 1963 and had its revision in 1973 which added an exception from the compulsory school attendance of any student being educated by a parent at home under an effective system of home study that is approved by Colorado’s board of education.
Notification of Intent to homeschool in Colorado
One of the requirements to be met to fall under the exception is the Notification of Intent. Parents are required file a written notification of intent with a school district. This should be done at least 14 days before starting homeschool, and should be done yearly. This notification must include the name of child, age, present place of residence, and each child’s number of hours of attendance.
Qualifications required to homeschool in Colorado
The law does not require parents to have any qualifications, such as a teaching license or certificate, to homeschool their children. In 1980, the state board had adopted rules and regulations for the administering of home study programs. These rules required parents who did not have teaching certificates to use a correspondence course that is state-approved or choose their own curricula provided that the permission of their resident school district will be obtained. On the other hand, Parents with teaching certificates, under the state’s private tutor provision could homeschool their children without the need of these requirements. Parents argued that the state constitution gave them the right to homeschool and that the state board had no jurisdiction over them, and in other cases, they argued that their religious beliefs forbade them from seeking state board approval.
Number of days/hours of instruction required for homeschoolers in Colorado
The number of days and hours per day of instruction required, as stated in the law is, one hundred seventy-two (172) days of instructions with an average of four (4) hours per day.
What subjects need to be covered in Home Education (and for how long) in Colorado?
There nine (9) subjects that are needed to be covered in Home Education for four (4) hours per day in the state of Colorado. These subjects are communication skills of writing, reading, and speaking, mathematics, science, civics, history, literature and the U.S. Constitution.
Parents must ensure their children are evaluated at the end of the 3rd, 5th, 7th, 9th and 11th grade. There are two options for assessment. The first one is the testing option which will require student to take a national standardized achievement test. The second option is the evaluation option which is done by a qualified person chosen the parent.
What are the record keeping requirements for homeschoolers in Colorado?
Another requirement under the law is the bookkeeping of requirements for homeschoolers. Such records must be maintained by the parents and it should include the attendance of the student, test results and evaluation, and lastly, immunization records. All of these records must be given to the school district if so requested by the superintendent who has probable cause to believe that the homeschool is not in compliance with the law.
Is part-time enrollment permitted in Colorado?
The law does not require nor prohibits homeschooled students to do part time enrollment in public schools. This decision is at the discretion of the local school district. The only thing that the law mandates is that part time enrollment of homeschooled students should be recorded for public school funding purposes.
Are homeschoolers permitted to participate in extracurricular activities in Colorado?
Yes, the homeschoolers in Colorado are permitted to participate in extracurricular activities. According to the Colorado High School Activities Association (CHSAA) Rules, they have the right to join in the interscholastic and extracurricular activities at a public school in any school district in the state provided that the student has provided that school district with a letter of intent to home school as a home school student with that public school district.
In some cases, a homeschooled student may also participate in an activity at a private school located in her school district of residence. This will be so if the private school allows the homeschooled student to participate in such activity because private schools have the discretion in agreeing who to allow in the participation of their extracurricular activities.
Georgia Homeschool Laws
General overview of the homeschooling laws in Georgia
Since Georgia complied with mandatory school attendance for children in the year 1916, some parents started homeschooling by legally declaring their intent to teach their children at home and act as a private school. This was used by a lot of parents because there was a broad definition of what “private” was. The Homeschool Law in Georgia has been in the works since 2013. Children can start being homeschooled at the age of six (6).
Notification of Intent to Homeschool in Georgia
If you are eligible to homeschool as an authorized parent or guardian of a child, you must have a Declaration of Intent stating that you wish to have your child homeschooled. This declaration should be renewed every year. Templates or guides for a Declaration of Intent may be accessed on the website of the Georgia Department of Education. All details required by the department should be given.
Qualifications required to homeschool in Georgia
Individuals who are eligible to homeschool in this state are the ones who should own at least a high school diploma or a General Educational Development (GED) diploma. This is under the assumption that these people are those who are competent enough to be able to teach a child most effectively.
In addition, these requirements are needed in order to give the teacher enough credibility, so that the rest of the community and the government is secured that the child is given the right treatment when being homeschooled.
Number of days/hours of instruction required for homeschoolers in Georgia
In order for homeschooling to be a success, the program must consist of a total of 180 days in a school year. A school day is considered such if a child has spent at least four and a half hours for learning. In parallel, this is also almost the same as if a child is being brought to a private or public school. The only exception to this is if the child is physically unable to comply with the required number of study hours.
What subjects need to be covered in Home Education in Georgia?
The study plan must contain the basic subjects usually taught in a generally accepted educational program. Some subjects to name a few would be Science, Social Studies, Reading and Math. Parents have the freedom to add more subjects, as long as the basic subjects are included in the whole program.
This is to confirm that these children who are homeschooled still remain to be at the same level as those who are taught elsewhere. Since these children will also face the same things as soon as they grow up, homeschooled kids should not be left out and should not be different among other children.
What are the record keeping requirements for homeschoolers in Georgia?
Progress reports are notable ways to track every child’s progress after every school year. These reports should include the child’s strengths and weaknesses in each subject, which should be kept for future reference for three years at the very least.
Is part-time enrollment permitted in Georgia?
According to Georgia Law, children can be homeschooled from ages six (6) to sixteen (16). But if your child around the age of seven (7) years old has already attended public school in Georgia for 20 days or more, it is more advisable to continue with public school. Parents can also ask that their child be withdrawn from school, formally. The best time to withdraw a child from current schooling is before the next school year is about to start.
Are homeschoolers permitted to participate in extracurricular activities in Georgia?
Kids are permitted and even more encouraged to participate in activities other than the ones taught at home. There is a lot of support for programs like this in the state as it is seen that there are a lot of positive impacts in the community. Therefore, extracurricular activities are a good way for children to interact with their environment better.
While may still be parents who cannot take the time to homeschool their children or still think that sending them to a public or private school is better, increase in homeschooled kids will lead them to influence their other friends who are not homeschooled.
Idaho Homeschool Laws
General overview of the homeschooling laws in Idaho
While some states recognize homeschooling as one of the effective ways to teach children and therefore mandate a number of laws in order to regulate homeschooling, things are different in Idaho. More specifically, teaching in the home is considered to be the responsibility of the parent who wishes to do so for their child.
In Idaho, people hold on to the fact that there was no mention whatsoever of education in the US Constitution. Therefore, there is the conclusion that it is the sole responsibility of the parents or the community to determine how they would want their child to be molded into to be able to stand on their feet when they grow up.
Notification of Intent to homeschool in Idaho
Homeschooled kids are included in the “nonpublic” student spectrum which means that they experienced education outside the regular classroom. Students that are also taught in private schools are considered in this spectrum, so Idaho laws are more broad compared to different laws.
Unlike other states, Idaho does not require a declaration of intent or any notification for that matter in order to engage their child in homeschooling.
Qualifications required to homeschool in Idaho
Usually, it is the parents or an authorized teacher or guardian who possesses at least a GED or a high school diploma are the ones who are required to Homeschool. Since there is not much focus on this program in the state of Idaho, it is up to the parents of the child to determine who would be best to homeschool a child.
The requirements for other states aforementioned may be applied in order to effectively continue the program in the home.
Number of days/hours of instruction required for homeschoolers in Idaho
As explained, there are no requirements to abide by in the state of Idaho. Therefore, the program is solely up to the parents to identify how long the study hours must take in order to educate their child. Parents lean more on bringing their children to public schools in the state of Idaho.
But for parents who prefer to home school their children, there is a lot of work that should be done since the government does not provide any kind of support for students who are homeschooled since it is not regulated in the state. These parents should then make sure that the subjects being taught to their children are at the same level taught in public schools.
What subjects need to be covered in Home Education in Idaho
Since homeschooling is being more accepted in other states, Idaho does not find a need for homeschooling to be regulated. Given that the government does not regulate this, the quality of homeschooling may plateau and only stay the same way as it is now.
This being said, parents who want to homeschool their children may pattern the curriculum with the same subjects that children in the public schools take in order to ensure that if regulation should increase, they can demonstrate that they are covering similar material.
What are the record keeping requirements for homeschoolers in Idaho?
Parents may keep records of their child’s progress throughout the years but this is not required and is not needed to be submitted to any organization or controlling body in the state of Idaho.
Is part-time enrollment permitted in Idaho?
Students that are homeschooled in Idaho are allowed part-time enrollment in other classes in the public schools. This is also known as dual-enrolling where students are given the opportunity to learn both in homeschool and in different classes in public school. However, if the student enrolls in a program that is computer-based, this is considered as a full time enrollment, which is not permitted.
Are homeschoolers permitted to participate in extracurricular activities in Idaho?
While people still believe that the best way to educated their children is by sending them to public school, children who are homeschooled in Idaho are not banned from extracurricular activities as well.
The government is open to students to entering into other programs, including extracurricular activities. Once a homeschooled child is included in this program, they are required to comply to the rules set to other students doing the same activity.
Indiana Homeschool Laws
General overview of the homeschooling laws in Indiana
The main laws tackling the school attendance in the state of Indiana is the Indiana Code Section 20-8.1-3-23 and 20-8.1-3-24. These were enacted in 1973 and amended in 1991. However, the state of Indiana does not include any exact statutes pertaining to homeschooling. It rests on the case of State v. Peterman in 1904 where the Indiana Appellate Court defined a school as a place where instruction is imparted to the young and held that a homeschool is considered as a private school. In another the case of in 1985, the Court of Appeals ruled for the homeschooling’s legality and ended the jurisdiction of local school districts over homeschooling.
Notification of Intent to homeschool in Indiana
A Notification of Intent for homeschooling is not required in the state of Indiana. The only thing required of a parent, who wishes to have his or her child homeschooled, is to report to the Department of Education, if requested specifically requested by them, the number of grade level enrollments in that homeschool.
On the other hand, if a child is enrolled in a public school and is being withdrawn from it to be homeschooled, a notification from the parent to that public school must be done. An online form is made available by the state’s Department of Education to allow parents to register their homeschool but this registration is merely voluntary and not mandatory.
Qualifications required to homeschool in Indiana
There are also no specific qualifications for the homeschool teachers. They are not required to be licensed or certified to teach. Under the laws of Indiana, the parents may operate homeschools as private schools. This is as long as the parents will provide the required number of days of instruction.
The parents are also required to keep attendance records. Unlike the homeschool laws of other states, there are no requirements as to notification, assessment, or parent qualifications.
Number of days/hours of instruction required for homeschoolers in Indiana
According to the law, parents or homeschool teachers must provide 180 days of instruction. Based on this, it is at the parents discretion on how to set the days and number of hours per day which their homeschool will adhere to for its operations.
What subjects need to be covered in Home Education (and for how long) in Indiana?
The law provides “instruction equivalent” to that of public schools. This phrase has never been explained clearly. Curriculum requirements that are being followed by the public schools are not applicable to homeschools because they are exempt from it. The only important thing is that the medium of instruction is required to be in English.
What are the record keeping requirements for homeschoolers in Indiana?
Parents are required to keep records of attendance of the students and furnish them, if asked or specifically requested, to the state superintendent or the superintendent of the local school corporation. This is done to make sure that the student is actually attending homeschool.
The superintendent of the state may request for the grade levels and number of children who are homeschooled. However, this request is to be made individually and may not be made in a general manner to homeschoolers.
Is part-time enrollment permitted in Indiana?
Yes, part-time enrollment is allowed in Indiana. Under the law of the state, it is the decision of local school corporations whether or not they will allow the part-time enrollment of homeschooled students. State funding may likely be acquired by the school corporation depending upon the participation of part-time students.
Fort Wayne Community Schools Corporation, a school corporation in Indiana, provided some guidelines with regard the part time enrollment of homeschooled students. The guidelines included the following:
- Requests for part time enrollment can be picked up in the Office of the Superintendent of the school district;”
- Student intending to enroll part time must meet all of the criteria in relation to the Indiana Code 22-33-2 which provides the compulsory school attendance;
- Codes of conduct pertaining to full-time students of the public school shall be applicable to part time students;
- The parent/guardian must contact the appropriate administrator and/or guidance counselor to schedule requested classes;
- The parent/guardian must provide transportation for the student to and from all classes/courses. The child can take the district’s bus transportation if his/her schedule is compatible with established routes and schedule of the bus;
- For courses with a prerequisite, part time students may be asked to provide proof that academic criteria have been met, so long as they are required to comply with the same prerequisites as full-time students.
- Part-time enrollment student can participate in inter-scholastic athletics, provided the student also follows the IHSAA and district eligibility guidelines; and lastly,
- The final decision with regard placement and admission for all home education students part-time in the Corporation is at the discretion of the superintendent.
Are homeschoolers permitted to participate in extracurricular activities in Indiana?
Yes, they are allowed to participate in the extracurricular and educational activities of a public school as long as the approval by the local Indiana school board or school superintendent is obtained. Elementary or junior high homeschool students are able to join public school sports events and athletics but their participation is at the public school’s discretion.
On the other hand, for a homeschooled high school student to partake in public high school athletics, the homeschool education program of the student must also be in conformity to the bylaws of the Indiana High School Athletic Association (IHSAA).
Michigan Homeschool Laws
General overview of the homeschooling laws in Michigan
The main law that covers home schools in the state of Michigan can be found in the Michigan Compiled laws specifically MCL 380.1651. This law was enacted in the 1980s. As a general rule, the homeschool law of Michigan requires a legal guardian or a parent of a student from the age of six (6) to sixteen (16) to send the child to school.
There are, of course, exceptions to this general rule. This law gives the parents six (6) various options when it comes to school attendance. One of the options is the “nonpublic school” option which is in need of the state’s approval first. Another one is the homeschool option.
This alternative does not need a state approval. An amendment was made in 2010 to increase the age of the compulsory school attendance from sixteen (16) years old to eighteen (18) years old for a child who just turned eleven (11) after December 1, 2009, or those who started the 6th grade after 2009.
Notification of Intent to homeschool in Michigan
At the start of every school year, the parent or legal guardian is required to send the following to the superintendent of the local public school: 1) the name and age of every child enrolled in the homeschool; 2) the name or number of the school district and the township and county or city where the parents live; 3) the name and residence of the parents; and 4) the name and the age of each child enrolled in the school who does not have regular attendance.
The Department of Education of Michigan can request a written record of the student enrollment, curriculum followed, and the qualifications of the teachers in the nonpublic school. However, it is not necessary to submit the records unless the request is in writing as well.
Qualifications required to homeschool in Michigan
The only qualification required to become a homeschool teacher in the state of Michigan is that they have to either be the parents or legal guardian of the students being homeschooled. Teacher certification is not necessary.
However, the teachers reporting to the Department of Education of the state must at least be a bachelor’s degree holder to be approved. The only exception to this, as discussed in the case of People v Dejonge, is a sincere claim that a teacher certification is not in consonance with their religious beliefs.
Number of days/hours of instruction required for homeschoolers in Michigan
There is no specific requirement in the number of hours of instruction or how often the subjects must be taught. The only recommendation is that each of the necessary and required subjects have to be taught every year at age-appropriate level during elementary and middle school years. For the high school level, it is recommended to be taught at least once.
What subjects need to be covered in Home Education (and for how long) in Michigan?
In both options, the subjects that must be included in the instruction of each homeschool for all grades are Mathematics, Reading, English, Science and Social Studies. Furthermore, for the 10th to the 12th grade, the Constitution of the Unites States, Constitution of Michigan, U.S. Government, and State Government are additional subjects for them to take. The duration of each subject is at the discretion of the homeschool teachers.
What are the record keeping requirements for homeschoolers in Michigan?
The parents are recommended to keep progress of each student who are attending the homeschool. These records are to be maintained throughout the year. They will help school personnel with regard the placement of students should they decide to enroll in a public school. If a student who attends homeschool decides to return to a public school, the latter reevaluates the students for the purpose of grade placement and credit transfer.
Is part-time enrollment permitted in Michigan?
Yes, part-time enrollment is permitted in Michigan. This is stated in the published Pupil Accounting Manual of the state’s Department of Education specifically in chapter 5E. A pupil attending a nonpublic school or a student who is homeschooled may attend a public school on a part time enrollment in the 1st to 12th grade as long as it is only in the nonessential elective courses offered by that public school.
Are homeschoolers permitted to participate in extracurricular activities in Michigan?
Yes, this is also allowed in the state of Michigan. However, this is determined by the public school on a case to case basis. The supervision and control of interscholastic athletics depends on the decision of each local board of education. As proposed by the Michigan High School Athletic Association (MHSAA), majority of the local boards have adopted policies in determining whether or not to let a student join in the athletics of the public school.
North Carolina Homeschool Laws
General overview of the homeschooling laws in North Carolina
The battle for North Carolina’s freedom to homeschool began in the 1970’s when a threat to prohibit it by the state surfaced. Fortunately for homeschool advocates, it was decided that homeschooling would be regulated under the same terms that regulated private schools (Delcone vs State, 1985).
At the present, homeschooling in North Carolina is regulated by law through General Statutes Article 39 – Non-public Schools, and is defined in section 115C-563 as a private school where children are educated by a tutor, parent or a qualified individual from within a maximum of two families.
Last amended on January of 2013, Homeschooling is governed by the Division of Non-Public Education (DPNE). This law champions the individual’s right to education and encourages the pursuit of education in accordance to an individual’s rights and beliefs grant-ing the parents freedom to homeschool their children in agreement with the law.
Notification of Intent to homeschool in North Carolina
To begin homeschooling in North Carolina, the officiating party must:
- Tender a Notice of Intent to homeschool and pass it to the DPN,
- Administer a standardized test each year
- Have an instructor possess at least a high school diploma
- Ensure proper disease immunization is implemented
- Record the student’s attendance yearly
- Apply for a Notification of Intent to homeschool in North Carolina
If a family wishes to homeschool, the law in North Carolina requires the family to first tender a Notice of intent. Parents are advised to deliver a Notice of Intent to open private school no later than the 1st of July to the North Carolina Division of Non-Public Education (DNPE). It is important to include the guardian’s information and the facilitator’s accreditation when filing the Notice of Intent.
The first day of July marks the beginning of the academic year and is completed on the last day of June; a Notice of Intent is refused when received in June. The DNPE is also responsi-ble for terminating homeschool operations, reviewing student performance through standard-ized testing, and checking student’s yearly attendance records. There is no specific date in which these tasks are carried out by DPNE so it is advised that guardians must always have these with them. All Notice of Intents must include the parents’ credentials, the chosen name of the school and its address, and the name of its administrator.
Qualifications required to homeschool in North Carolina
After the Notice of Intent is provided, North Carolina requires instructors with at least a high school diploma to facilitate students. No other requirements for instructors are mandated. The DPNE requires homeschools to pass annual standardized testing, to keep records of immunization and to keep records of attendance. The DPNE is in authority to validate the school’s performance. If found, unsatisfactory, they may choose to terminate the program.
Number of days/hours of instruction required for homeschoolers in North Carolina
Although not required by law, North Carolina encourages homeschools to run at least 180 days or six (6) months with 5 hours of tutoring each day. Ages of children that may be homeschooled are between the ages of six (6) and 18. The DPNE requires the student’s rec-ords within this time to be kept until the child reaches 18 or until their homeschooling is closed.
What Subjects need to be covered in Home Education (and for how long) in North Carolina?
Homeschooling in North Carolina doesn’t require specific subjects to be taught nor does it have a specific timeline required. The discretion lies on the guardian or the facilitator. How-ever, It is encouraged to have the child learn English, grammar, reading, spelling, and Math-ematics since the standardized test each year consists of these subjects.
What are the record keeping requirements for homeschoolers in North Carolina?
Facilitators must at all times keep all records of grades, immunizations, and attendance of the students within the year. These records are compulsory and will be inspected by the DPNE within the year. The DPNE does not provide specific dates regarding when this inspec-tions will take place, so it is advised to have this records readily available.
Is part-time enrollment permitted in North Carolina?
There is no explicit mandate that specifies whether part-time enrollment is allowed or prohib-ited. It is entirely dependent on the district whether they it will be permitted.
Are homeschoolers permitted to participate in extracurricular activities in North Carolina?
Although it may depend on the district’s decision, homeschooled students in North Carolina may engage in extracurricular activities. Options like knitting, dancing, art, music, and many more diverse clubs are available for homeschool students. No specific mandate prohibits children from participating in these programs. While neighboring states like South Carolina are passing laws like Equal Access to Interscholastic Activities, North Carolina has yet to see a similar law passed.
Ohio Homeschool Laws
General overview of the homeschooling laws in Ohio
Defined in Ohio as a form of education that is primarily provided and administered by the parents or guardians of a child, the Ohio Homeschool Laws under division (a)(2) of section 3321.04 of the Revised Code states that the child should be of requisite school age and is not currently enrolled in any nonpublic schools.
Compulsory school attendance was defined by the Ohio Administrative Code as an obligation of every parent to send a child to a school that conforms to the prescribed minimum standards of the State Board of Education. Parents must send their children at the program’s first week of term. The parents who decide to provide homeschool education for their child will be completely responsible in choosing the appropriate curriculum and in teaching these curriculum-based lessons. However, the state does not offer any financial assistance for families who opt for this.
Notification of Intent to homeschool in Ohio
The parents must notify the city school district’s superintendent about their intent to have their child schooled at home. In order for them to grant the said request, the parents must agree to (1) provide 900 hours of instructions per year, (2) get the superintendent notified every year, and (3) provide a proper assessment of the child’s work.
Qualifications required to homeschool in Ohio
The parents must be able to assure that whoever plays the role of the child’s homeschool teacher (it could be the parents or someone else who has the required skills and documents) must possess one of these qualifications:
- High school diploma
- Certificate of high school equivalence, along with standardized test scores
- Other relevant/equivalent credentials that the superintendent found appropriate
- In case none of these qualifications are met, the homeschool teacher must work under the direct supervision of any person holding a bachelor’s degree from a certified college or university until the child/student demonstrates reasonable skills and proficiency – or until the homeschool teacher is able to provide any of the given requirements.
Number of days/hours of instructions required for homeschoolers in Ohio
As mentioned earlier, the parents of the homeschool student must assure the authority that they can provide a total of 900 hours (minimum) of instructions each school year. The parents can set the schedule (hours and days) themselves, as long as they adhere to a quality lesson plan for their child.
While it is entirely at the parents’ discretion to choose the most effective time and days for studies, many parents simply follow the public school calendar for an easier setup.
What subjects need to be covered in Home Education (and for how long) in Ohio?
Homeschooling Program requires the parents/teachers to teach the following: Language, reading, writing; Geography, History of the United States and Ohio, the national, state and local government; Math, Science, Physical Education; Fine Arts including music and practical knowledge such as first aid, safety and fire prevention.
Along with these should be a brief outline of the school year’s curriculum. The education provider must also prepare his textbooks and other teaching materials that correspond to the courses.
What are the record keeping requirements for homeschoolers in Ohio?
Parents must keep a clear record of the child’s attendance, text and workbooks information, samples of homework, results of exams or activities provided, portfolios and basically any document to prove your correspondence with the policies given by the superintendent and/or other responsible officials.
These serve as proof that the child is receiving proper education in compliance with the homeschool law.
Parents are advised to keep these records for at least a couple of years, particularly because the Home School Legal Defense Association recommends that you keep a detailed documentation to serve as a furnish proof in case you have to face a legal investigation concerning your child’s homeschool program.
Is part-time enrollment permitted in Ohio?
Yes, it is – at the local school district’s discretion. Any options and policies concerning part-time enrollment is decided by the local public school district.
Are homeschoolers permitted to participate in extracurricular activities in Ohio?
An extracurricular activity is defined as a program that is run by the school district which is not included in a graded study course. The legislation actually allows homeschool students to participate in extracurricular activities, so long as the family resides in the same school district.
Nevertheless, if the school doesn’t offer this particular setup, the student may request the superintendent to allow him to participate in another district’s program. Homeschool students must still meet the same requirements (financial and nonacademic) just like the rest of the students who participate in the said activity.
Oregon Homeschool Laws
General overview of the homeschooling laws in Oregon
The law that governs homeschooling in Oregon is the Oregon Statute 339.030. It is an academic option in Oregon. Parents who choose to have their homeschool must register every one of them at their local Education Service District (ESD). Within ten (10) days of withdrawal from a public or private school, parents are required to register the students.
In the state of Oregon, children between the ages of six (6) and eighteen (18) must either attend a public or private school or they must comply with the homeschool laws until their graduation from high school. If the child becomes six (6) years old after the 1st of September, parents are not required to enroll the child in school or comply with the homeschool laws up until the beginning of the next school year.
Notification of Intent to homeschool in Oregon
Parents are not mandated by law to give to the local school district an advance Notification of Intent to educate their child at their home. If the child between seven (7) years old and eighteen (18) years old, it is necessary for the parent of the child to send a letter of intent to homeschool to the local Educational Service District (ESD).
Sending such letter must not be later than the 1st of September. The letter must state that the parent intends to withdraw his or her child from the private or public school because of the former’s intention to teach the latter from home. The letter should include information such as the child’s name, place of residence, date of birth, and the name of the last public or private school the child has attended.
Qualifications required to homeschool in Oregon
There are no requirements for licensing or certification of homeschool parent or teachers that are noted in the Oregon Administrative Rules.
Number of days/hours of instruction required for homeschoolers in Oregon
There is no specific number of days and hours of instruction that is required for homeschoolers in Oregon.
What subjects need to be covered in Home Education (and for how long) in Oregon?
The subjects to be covered are also not specified. However, there is an assessment that is required on the 3rd grade, 5th grade, 8th grade and 10th grade. Parents, at their own discretion, may have their child take the test on an earlier time, if they believe that the child has completed grades mentioned or earlier.
The State Board of Education must approve these tests and they should be administered by a qualified neutral individual. A qualified neutral individual, according to the law, is a person who has one of the following:
- A current teaching license or personnel service license from the Oregon Teacher Standards and Practices Commission (OTSPC)
- A license from the Oregon Board of Psychologist Examiners
- Purchased at least one of the tests that are approved, and met the publisher’s standard for purchase
- Evidence of satisfactory graduate course completion in which administration and interpretation of test is included in the course objective
- Previously qualified as a home school tester in Oregon, and has administered at least one of the approved tests during the previous year.
What are the record keeping requirements for homeschoolers in Oregon?
There is also no requirement when it comes to the maintaining of records of homeschoolers in the state of Oregon. Nevertheless, if the Educational Service District or (ESD) requests, the parents or legal guardians of the students must be able to furnish the results of the required assessment for each child. Hence, the parent or legal guardian should keep records of the testing.
Is part-time enrollment permitted in Oregon?
Yes, part time enrollment is allowed in Oregon but this depends upon the policies and practices of the local school district. There is nowhere in the law that says requires school districts to allow part time enrollment for home schooled students.
However, if a school district does allow part time enrollment of homeschooled children in the school districts’ regular education program, the district must also allow students with disabilities to participate exactly like how the former is permitted to.
Are homeschoolers permitted to participate in extracurricular activities in Oregon?
Yes, homeschoolers from Oregon are allowed to participate in extracurricular activities.
Should the homeschooled student wish to join in an Oregon School Activities Association (OSAA) activity such as sports, music, band, speech, cheerleading, etc., the parent must register the homeschool before the beginning of the school year to enable the students to do their desired extracurricular activity in the same year. Generally, transferring of students to homeschooling during the middle of the year without the change of residence is not eligible to join the interscholastic activities for the remaining period of the school year.
The exception to this is that if the local school’s district committee modifies or waives the rule. For the successful waiver of the, the reason for the transfer should be something that is beyond the control of either the student. or parent. Some of the possible acceptable reasons are sickness, bullying, etc. Failure to maintain academic eligibility is not one of the acceptable reasons.
Tennessee Homeschool Laws
General overview of the homeschooling laws in Tennessee
Tennessee’s compulsory attendance, first passed legislation in 1905 and was expanded in 1913. The law requires parents of children ages eight (8) to fourteen (14) to be sent to school. Those who are fifteen (15) to sixteen (16) years of age, if illiterate or unemployed, are also required to be sent to school.
The Tennessee Home Education Association (THEA) started during the mid-1980s and the state homeschool law § 49-6-3050 was first enacted in 1985 signed by then-Governor Lamar Alexander.
Due to the constant amendment of § 49-6-3050 of the state homeschool law, it was declared as “One of the most complex laws in the nation” by 2012. The said law defines a home school as: (a) a church-related school defined in § 49-50-801, (b) a home school defined in § 49-6-3050, or (c) a private school accredited or which has been approved by the state.
Notification of Intent to homeschool in Tennessee
Parents who want to homeschool their children in the state of Tennessee must file a Notification of Intent prior to the start of every school year. Parents must also attach documents that show the homeschool location, population of students, their names, ages and grade levels.
Parents are also required to attach the proposed curriculum and proposed hours of instruction to their Notification of Intent form. The NOI form can be downloaded from the websites of The State of Tennessee Department of Education and the Local Education Agency (LEA) office for free. Children may also be required by the state to take standardized examinations.
Qualifications required to homeschool in Tennessee
According to § 49-6-3050, a homeschool teacher must possess at least a high school diploma or General Education Development (GED) certificate to be qualified to teach homeschool students in the state of Tennessee. Homeschool teachers must also administer the Local Education Agency’s annual standardized achievement test to their students.
Number of days/hours of instruction required for homeschoolers in Tennessee
Homeschool teachers are required to have students attend the same number of days required by state law for the public school students which is 4 hours per day (equivalent to 180 days per school year). § 49-6-3005 of the homeschool law applies to classes of children from ages six (6) to seventeen (17) years.
What subjects need to be covered in Home Education (and for how long) in Tennessee?
There are no particular subjects required. Subjects in Home Education will depend on the proposed curriculum submitted by the parents when they submit their Notification of Intent (NOI). There are also no limitations on how long the subjects have to be covered.
It may depend on personal circumstances of the student. However, the Tennessee Academic Standards states that Math, English Language Arts, Science, and Social Studies are core subjects. The curriculum must provide and support the student’s mastery of these subjects.
The Local Education Agency (LEA) makes sure that the Tennessee Academic Standards are upheld. An intervention process may be implemented for those students who falls behind in the core subjects and fails the annual standardized achievement test.
The Director of Schools may require students who failed to be enrolled in a public, private or church-related school, provided that the student has no learning disability, instead.
What are the record keeping requirements for homeschoolers in Tennessee?
In an independent homeschool, the parent-teacher must maintain an attendance record and other records that may be required by the LEA. These records must always be available for inspection at any time. Submission of records to the Director of Schools at the end of each school year is mandatory.
For those who have students enrolled in an umbrella program, record keeping and test requirements will be determined by the church-related school.
Is part-time enrollment permitted in Tennessee?
Yes, part-time enrollment is allowed at the district’s discretion in Tennessee.
Are homeschoolers permitted to participate in extracurricular activities in Tennessee?
Yes, it was settled in 2015 that homeschool students are permitted to participate in extracurricular activities in the state of Tennessee. Homeschool students can even compete with public-school teams in different sports and competitions as long as they are registered with the Local Board of Education.